Response 993543487

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Introduction

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Susan Dwyer

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Australian Capital Territory
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Your comments

Survey questions

What do you think are the two or three most significant recent developments in hydrogen?
The development of hydrogen technology creates a massive opportunity to build a net-zero emissions, non-polluting energy industry to replace diesel and other fossil fuels in transport, industrial processes, and chemical manufacture. It further provides an energy export industry to replace LNG and coal.
What environmental and community impacts should we examine?
Hydrogen has the potential to replace LNG and coal exports so should NOT be manufactured from coal, as has been suggested in Victoria. Ammonia is a far superior method from an environmental perspective. Port facilities for export should also be situated so as to minimise environmental and community impacts.
How can Australia influence and accelerate the development of a global market for hydrogen?
Key drivers for the development of global markets will be exporting to our existing fossil fuel markets, such as Japan, Korea, China and SE Asian countries. These countries already have developing low emissions hydrogen economies and are a ready market for our hydrogen production.
What are the top two or three factors required for a successful hydrogen export industry?
Producing hydrogen from non-polluting ammonia, not brown coal Providing jobs for transitioning fossil fuel workers in Australia
What are the top two or three opportunities for the use of clean hydrogen in Australia?
In Australia, transitioning goods transport (trucks, trains, ships etc) to hydrogen is a key opportunity. In industry, mining machinery and power generation, running on non-polluting hydrogen/ammonia.
What are the main barriers to the use of hydrogen in Australia?
Enormous investment at state and federal level will be required to achieve an ambitious hydrogen industry development. The control on markets exerted by exisiting fossil fuel mega companies.
What are some examples where a strategic national approach could lower costs and shorten timelines for developing a clean hydrogen industry?
National emissions pricing and adopting EU6 vehicle emission standards will assist the rapid transition. A multi-billion dollar budget from government for clean hydrogen development as well as carbon emissions pricing would encourage large-scale investment from domestic and international sources.
What are Australia’s key technology, regulatory and business strengths and weaknesses in the development of a clean hydrogen industry?
A hydrogen energy authority should be set up to oversee the development and transition of the industry.
What areas in hydrogen research, development and deployment need attention in Australia? Where are the gaps in our knowledge?
There is a proposal in Victoria to manufacture hydrogen for export to Japan form brown coal. This is counter-intuitive and should NOT go ahead. The idea of non-polluting fuels is to expedite transition to net zero-carbon emissions. Using any sort of fossil fuel in the production of hydrogen negates this.
Do you have any other comments or submissions to this process?
Development of this technology is an important step towards a net zero-emission economy and reducing Australia's National greenhouse emissions to net-zero by 2050. It is vital to invest in alternatives to LNG and coal. To this end, development of the hydrogen industry must be non-polluting and therefore be processed from ammonia. Coal should not be any part of the process.