Response 947015139

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Survey questions

What do you think are the two or three most significant recent developments in hydrogen?
The emerging interest and potential demand from our overseas trading partners. The growth of renewable electrcity sources potentially reaching the point where the available electrical energy will outstrip demand at times during the day The potential to transport Hydrogen in the form of ammonia thereby avoiding the need to compress hydrogen
What are the most important safety issues to consider in producing, handling and using hydrogen in Australia?
The lack of expertise in Australia. The lack of Australian or internationally adopted Safety Stardards adopted in Australia. The relatively samll amount of energy required to cause hyrogen to burn. Hyrogen being odorless and colourless with not odor added to aid leak detection. Leak detection systems less effective than hydrocarbon gasses.
What environmental and community impacts should we examine?
Storage and production of H2 in proximity to community developments, safe distances.
How can Australia influence and accelerate the development of a global market for hydrogen?
Australia has the potential to be a source of renewable energy that could be converted to H2. In this way Australia could be key to establishing a market for H2.
What are the top two or three factors required for a successful hydrogen export industry?
The industry would need to be able to become economic. Therefore H2 would need to be able to compete with other uses for renewable energy. There would need to be infrastructure developed to manufacture and export H2 both in Australia and in importing countries.
What are the top two or three opportunities for the use of clean hydrogen in Australia?
H2 would be and ideal transport fuel. Particularly for heavy transport where battery technology as we currently know it is not light enough for this purpose. H2 also provides a clean alternative to remove diesel combusion product from metropolitan areas. H2 could be used in remote parts of the electricity grid as an alternative to network augmentation. It could provide local generation to take care of peak load. It could be used in fertiliser product as Aus is a net importer of fertiliser and the cost is relatively high. H2 could be a longer term alternative to natural gas in our gas networks proving for the ongoing use of these networks and thereby avoiding significant augmentation of the electricity network if it was to replace gas.
What are the main barriers to the use of hydrogen in Australia?
Establishing an industry that is not likely to be cost effective in the short term.
What are some examples where a strategic national approach could lower costs and shorten timelines for developing a clean hydrogen industry?
A national approach could lower the time it would take each of the States to develop their own approach. A national approach could help avoid wasted effort with each State effectively try to reach the same outcomes.
What are Australia’s key technology, regulatory and business strengths and weaknesses in the development of a clean hydrogen industry?
If a strategic national appoach is adopted Australia could quicly catch up with other countries in the world in this field. Australia has good system in place to move qucikly on issues provided there is broad support at a high level. On the other hand there is the potential for development to be bogged down within the three tiers of Government interest in this industry.
What workforce skills will need to be developed to support a growing clean hydrogen industry?
Science , technolgy and Engineering skills in the management and handling of H2. Trade skill in the distribuion and end use of H2
What areas in hydrogen research, development and deployment need attention in Australia? Where are the gaps in our knowledge?
Australia would need to adopt or write the series of standards that would be needed to go forward with hydrogen.