Response 397180332

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Introduction

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Geoff Dyke

What is your organisation or agency?

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CFMMEU Mining & Energy Division - Victoria

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Australian Capital Territory
New South Wales
Northern Territory
Queensland
South Australia
Tasmania
Ticked Victoria
Western Australia
International

Your comments

Survey questions

What do you think are the two or three most significant recent developments in hydrogen?
Ability to store and extract hydrogen from liquid ammonia making transport easier, safer and more economically viable using CSIRO membrane technology. Ability to create hydrogen at high temperature utilizing cheap brown coal with Bass Strait as a CO2 geo-sequestration site nearby.
What are the most important safety issues to consider in producing, handling and using hydrogen in Australia?
Wide explosive range of hydrogen (4-76%) in air. Anaerobic compression of hydrogen leading to an explosion. Difficulty in containing hydrogen with leakage.
What environmental and community impacts should we examine?
Location of hydrogen generator, storage and recovery plant should be well away from populated areas for safety. If used in transport what protections are needed for vehicle accidents?
How can Australia influence and accelerate the development of a global market for hydrogen?
Make it in large enough volumes, at cheap economic prices and countries will buy it to reduce air pollution in their cities.
What are the top two or three factors required for a successful hydrogen export industry?
Purpose built shipping transport. Purpose built loading and unloading docks. Land transport to public filling points.
What are the top two or three opportunities for the use of clean hydrogen in Australia?
To supplement natural gas supplies. Motor vehicle, bus and truck refuelling.
What are the main barriers to the use of hydrogen in Australia?
Lack of hydrogen infrastructure. Public acceptance of its safety.
What are some examples where a strategic national approach could lower costs and shorten timelines for developing a clean hydrogen industry?
Could allow accelerated Tax depreciation for capital investment. Could facilitate international agreements and sales. Could facilitate complimentary infrastructure and regulation. Could ensure high standards to support perception of public safety.
What are Australia’s key technology, regulatory and business strengths and weaknesses in the development of a clean hydrogen industry?
Highly skilled workers and innovative solution development, e.g. CSIRO membrane. Abundance of cheap resources and relatively remote ports. Stable regulatory environment and government.
What workforce skills will need to be developed to support a growing clean hydrogen industry?
Process industry skills like those in oil, gas and chemical industries. Safe transport and shipping systems.
What areas in hydrogen research, development and deployment need attention in Australia? Where are the gaps in our knowledge?
Hydrogen production and storage is well understood but at a relatively small scale of production. There may be unthought of economic and technological challenges towards scaling up to world mass production levels.
Do you have any other comments or submissions to this process?
Safety of hydrogen production, use and transport will be vital to gaining public acceptance. Any major disasters could Irreparably damage the industry forever.