Response 171387111

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Your comments

Survey questions

What do you think are the two or three most significant recent developments in hydrogen?
i. CSIRO membrane technology to split hydrogen from ammonia ii. The potential to use sea water instead of purified water when using electrolysis to create free hydrogen
What are the most important safety issues to consider in producing, handling and using hydrogen in Australia?
i. The investigation of hydrogen to replace methane in the gas network and the behaviour of gas appliances to achieve outcomes of similar risk to the incumbent solution. ii. Suitability of the distribution network to carry and contain hydrogen without changing the risk profile. iii. Odourisation of hydrogen and the community to recognize that it is hydrogen and not methane, we must use a different odourant. iv. How to manage the wider flammability range of hydrogen when compared to methane. v. Visibility of the hydrogen flame.
What environmental and community impacts should we examine?
i. If hydrogen is sourced from fossil fuels then we need to ensure CCS. ii. Community awareness of the odourant that is used in hydrogen so that a release of hydrogen can be recognised. iii. The difficulty in seeing the hydrogen flame when being used. iv. The opportunity to remove tankers from our roads and have refuelling stations taking hydrogen directly from the distribution network (assuming that we have 100% hydrogen piped to our homes).
How can Australia influence and accelerate the development of a global market for hydrogen?
i. To develop and implement technology that allows hydrogen to be supplied at the same price (or at a lower cost) as methane in our distributed network, reducing costs for Australian industry and consumers. ii. To provide a clear and stable national policy with appropriate legislation to enable an orderly transition. iii. Be aware of existing projects globally and not duplicate the outcomes but add know how.
What are the top two or three factors required for a successful hydrogen export industry?
i. The cost of supply must be comparable to existing exports such as LNG ii. Safe and efficient transport solutions.
What are the top two or three opportunities for the use of clean hydrogen in Australia?
i. To make use of existing infrastructure that provides for large inter day storage capacity (existing pipelines) to smooth the energy demand for the community without an over engineering of the electrical network to meet the peak energy demands. ii. To decarbonise energy at the point of use in domestic appliances and commercial catering appliances, known as "Type A" iii. To allow some industrial processes where heat (Type B) is required to decarbonise.
What are the main barriers to the use of hydrogen in Australia?
i. Regulatory framework with different requirements for different states, it must be a national approach. ii. The risk to electrify everything and removing the baseline demand for energy from gas. iii. The perception that electricity is cheaper without considering the total cost of the network. iv. The need to manage the change of Type A and Type B gas appliances to allow them to be suitable to operate on 100% hydrogen, running a blend will require the development work to be done twice. v. Without a through assessment of network infrastructure the risk of incompatible components being left in situ.
What are some examples where a strategic national approach could lower costs and shorten timelines for developing a clean hydrogen industry?
i. Making use of existing projects such as Future Fuels CRC. ii. Sharing of knowledge and learnings between different pilot projects to allow for greater development in the process. iii. A national legislative approach across the entire supply chain to avoid differences between states and territories iv. Review of projects at an international level and the genuine sharing of IP and test facilities
What are Australia’s key technology, regulatory and business strengths and weaknesses in the development of a clean hydrogen industry?
i. The differing regulations between states and territories and the inability to harmonise regulations and standards to the detriment of the Australian public. There is a desire for the states and territories to achieve this outcome but there has been little achieved to date. ii. Through the work of the CSIRO and the planned activities of the Future Fuels CRC we have the ability to focus on what is required. iii. The development of a hydrogen future will require clear outcomes and will require the support of both government, business and our research centres to cooperate.
What workforce skills will need to be developed to support a growing clean hydrogen industry?
i. Training of licenced gas fitters to undertake conversion of installations ii. Gas network operators to have the knowledge of all their assets and the competence to manage the risks in any change over. iii. Research into appropriate risk mitigation strategies that can the feed into development of Standards and codes of practice iv. Recognition that there will be a period where both methane and hydrogen will be supplied to consumers albeit segregated to different suburbs or localities v. Retraining of end users on the safe use and operation of hydrogen appliances. vi. All of these activities where managed when Australia transitioned from "Towns Gas" to "Natural Gas"
What areas in hydrogen research, development and deployment need attention in Australia? Where are the gaps in our knowledge?
i. Appropriate development of Standards for Type A and Type B gas appliances for operating on 100% hydrogen ii. Compatibility of existing network infrastructure to operate on 100% hydrogen. iii. New opportunities for the use of hydrogen in industrial and commercial applications.
Do you have any other comments or submissions to this process?
Gas Appliance Manufactures Association Of Australia (GAMAA) primary activity is to work with members, governments and other industry stakeholders to develop and implement workable, safe and practical standards and regulations for the gas appliance industry. Our members directly employ the equivalent of 4,500 full time workers in Australia and we represent industry stakeholders on over 100 Standards Committees ensuring that GAMAA continues to have an appropriate input into the development of future standards. Our members include manufacturers and suppliers of domestic and commercial gas space heaters, hot water and cooking appliances, suppliers of component parts and all Australian Conformity Assessment Bodies (CABS).