Response 168499043

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Introduction

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Your comments

Survey questions

What do you think are the two or three most significant recent developments in hydrogen?
i. Japanese and South Korean commitment to a hydrogen economy ii. CSIRO membrane technology to crack H2 from ammonia iii. Advancements in H2 production from renewable energy and fossil fuels
What are the most important safety issues to consider in producing, handling and using hydrogen in Australia?
i. Suitability for safe operation of Type A and Type B gas appliances ii. Suitability of network infrastructure to convey H2 (including transmission, distribution, components, fittings, meters, etc.) iii. Odourisation of the gas iv. Visibility of the hydrogen flame v. Greater flammability and detonation ranges relative to Natural Gas; e.g. high pressure leaks and their implications
What environmental and community impacts should we examine?
i. Safe long term storage of CO2 through CCS where H2 is produced from fossil fuels ii. Safe and quick refuelling of vehicles operating on H2 iii. Consumer general awareness including different odourant introduced for H2 relative to Natural Gas and poorer visibility of H2 flame relative to Natural Gas
How can Australia influence and accelerate the development of a global market for hydrogen?
i. Development of clear and stable national policy and legislative framework
What are the top two or three factors required for a successful hydrogen export industry?
i. Reduction in the cost of producing H2 to be comparable with existing fossil fuels (e.g. LNG) ii. Reducing the cost of shipping H2 for the export market
What are the top two or three opportunities for the use of clean hydrogen in Australia?
i. Use for generating energy on and off grid (e.g. H2 gas turbines, micro grids) ii. Use for manufacturing sector (i.e. Type B gas appliances) iii. Use for domestic and commercial catering appliances (i.e. Type A gas appliances) iv. Use for long distance road travel.
What are the main barriers to the use of hydrogen in Australia?
i. Regulatory framework ii. Relatively cheap electrical energy produced from coal iii. Type A and Type B gas appliances are not compatible with 100% H2 without appliance modifications iv. Incompatibility of some gas network infrastructure materials (e.g. replacement of steel distribution mains, meters, components) v. Lack of refuelling station infrastructure for H2 fuel cell vehicles
What are some examples where a strategic national approach could lower costs and shorten timelines for developing a clean hydrogen industry?
i. Sharing of outcomes from local pilot project trials ii. Review of international developments iii. Development of a national legislative framework for gas
What are Australia’s key technology, regulatory and business strengths and weaknesses in the development of a clean hydrogen industry?
i. Weakness is differing State and Territory based legislation with respect to gas although there is a clear willingness to cooperate as demonstrated through the Gas Technical Regulators Committee (GTRC) which I chair. ii. Strengths are research activities through organisations such as CSIRO
What workforce skills will need to be developed to support a growing clean hydrogen industry?
i. Training of gas companies to ensure that they are able to manage their assets and deliver safe outcomes. ii. Training of licensed gasfitters to convert Natural Gas appliances to H2 iii. Retraining of gasfitters to install and service Type A gas appliances operating on H2 iv. The above will need to be underpinned by the development of standards v. Manufacturing skills (gas appliances) vi. Emergency services vii. Retraining of commercial and industrial users
What areas in hydrogen research, development and deployment need attention in Australia? Where are the gaps in our knowledge?
i. Type A and Type B gas appliance redesign for H2 ii. Network infrastructure upgrades for compatibility with H2 iii. Application in commercial and industrial sectors
Do you have any other comments or submissions to this process?
Energy Safe Victoria (ESV) is an independent statutory body for gas safety in the State of Victoria. ESV is keen to work with both the Department of Industry, Innovation and Science and the Department of Energy and Environment on this exciting project. An opportunity also exists for Government to engage with the Gas Technical Regulators Committee (GTRC) which meets biannually. The current chair of the GTRC is held by ESV.