Response 1010227364

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Introduction

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Brett Cooper

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Renewable Hydrogen Pty Ltd

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Australian Capital Territory
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Queensland
South Australia
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Your comments

Survey questions

What do you think are the two or three most significant recent developments in hydrogen?
a) Arrival in Australia of production stage H2 fuel cell vehicle, Hyundai Nexo. b) Increased interest in H2 from both sides of politics along with pro H2 reports from key Commonwealth agencies (CSIRO, ARENA, Chief Scientist) and State Govt roadmaps (WA, Qld, SA).
What are the most important safety issues to consider in producing, handling and using hydrogen in Australia?
Dealing with high pressures (eg 350 bar for buses, 700 bar for cars)
What environmental and community impacts should we examine?
The community will want to distinguish sources of “Green Hydrogen” from “Brown Hydrogen” ie need for a Guarantee of Origin (GO) accreditation system with appropriate logo or marking so market is informed. Such a GO scheme needs to ensure that hydrogen production and supply chains are properly audited/accredited by an agency such as CSIRO or the like.
How can Australia influence and accelerate the development of a global market for hydrogen?
Australia’s key energy importing customer countries, Japan, Korea, Singapore have or are in the process of developing hydrogen strategies, including import strategies. Govt to Govt discussions (supported by Austrade) should focus on how joint supply chain studies could be developed in which the supplier country (Australia) and the importing country (eg Singapore) seek to optimise the regulatory etc framework to enable the trade in carbon neutral hydrogen.
What are the top two or three factors required for a successful hydrogen export industry?
Customers are the key. The LNG industry was first started in the 1970s because the downstream end customers in Japan (eg Mitsui & Mitsubishi) came to Australia to invest in the upstream production (eg the North West Shelf gas fields and LNG plants). This is how we need to build the upstream renewable H2 production plants in Australia – big production plants can only be financed if there are strong offtake customers and many of those will want to invest upstream. The Govt needs to both encourage this (eg Austrade) and facilitate it (eg FIRB etc).
What are the top two or three opportunities for the use of clean hydrogen in Australia?
Start with “back to base” projects such a bus and taxi depots where fleets of fuel cell vehicles will consume large H2 volumes from a single refilling point.
What are the main barriers to the use of hydrogen in Australia?
Lack of refueling infrastructure.
What are some examples where a strategic national approach could lower costs and shorten timelines for developing a clean hydrogen industry?
Encourage tenders for total hydrogen supply chain solutions which are supported by grants (ARENA) and/or loans at keen rates (CEFC).
What workforce skills will need to be developed to support a growing clean hydrogen industry?
Gas engineers and international marketers.
What areas in hydrogen research, development and deployment need attention in Australia? Where are the gaps in our knowledge?
There should be research into the big crossover which will occur between autonomy and zero carbon transport (including hydrogen). In the future we will see big fleets of centrally owned autonomous vehicles who will return each 24 hours to highly automated hubs in which they will be refuelled, cleaned, restocked with consumables and serviced before being back on the roads within about 15 minutes. This is a giant example of the “back to base” model that makes hydrogen as a fuel viable. If Australia demonstrated this mobility solution in its own cities, it is laying the foundation for the roll out through Asia of these hubs, all of whIch could be supplied by imports of zero carbon H2 from Australia. Such H2 could be exported from Australia as liquid ammonia (NH3) and/or as Liquified Renewable Natural Gas (eg derived from biomethane).
Do you have any other comments or submissions to this process?
Suggest the National Hydrogen Strategy team should look at prospects for developments in regional Australia of Distrubuted Energy Hubs Powered by Renewable Ammonia (DEHPRA). Currently liquid anhydrous ammonia (NH3) is distributed by truck to regional Australia for use as fertiliser. This exact same product and logistics network could supply NH3 to regional energy Hubs where on the one hand it is cracked back to hydrogen for use in fuel cell vehicles and on the other it is used for electricity generation via the fuelling of diesel gen-sets which have been modified to run on ammonia. See Innovation Patent Number 2016101350. Ammonia can be entirely produced from renewable energy sources which means such DEHPRA units can offer dispatchable carbon free stationary and mobile energy in a stored form.