Avoided Deforestation 1.1

Closed 25 Mar 2015

Opened 25 Mar 2015


The climate change function transferred to our department from the Department of the Environment and Energy on 1 February 2020.

Finalised method determination

Method Determination made. The Carbon Credits (Carbon Farming Initiative - Avoided Deforestation 1.1) Methodology Determination 2015 was made on 25 March 2015.

Project applications to implement the Methodology Determination may be made to the Clean Energy Regulator.

About this method

The method sets out the requirements for projects to reduce emissions by protecting native vegetation from being cleared. This method updates an existing Carbon Farming Initiative method to make it consistent with the Emissions Reduction Fund.

Who could benefit?

This method could be used by landowners who still have native forest on their property and who have received government consent to clear the land. An Emissions Reduction Fund project established under this method can generate credits for not clearing this land and maintaining it as a forest.

While this method only covers a proportion of land in Australia where deforestation could occur, it has the potential to achieve high levels of abatement.

How does it work?

This method applies to native forest which has received government consent to be cleared and converted to cropland or grassland. Abatement is delivered by not clearing the native forest and thereby avoiding the emissions that clearing would have produced. Additional abatement may be achieved by managing the native forest in a way that enhances carbon stocks. Credits for the abatement achieved under this method are issued in equal amounts each year over a 15 year crediting period.

This method is based on a previous avoided deforestation method. It differs slightly from the original method, in that it has a 15 year crediting period and there are some changes to the sampling protocols.

The permanence rules recognise the realities of Australia's natural environment and climatic conditions. Avoided deforestation project owners will not be penalised for reductions in carbon that occur through no fault of their own. Where carbon stocks are reduced below previously credited levels due to naturally occurring events such as bushfire or disease, the landowner must take reasonable action to re-establish carbon stores and crediting cannot continue until carbon stocks have recovered.

Information on permanence obligations for land-based projects is available on the Clean Energy Regulator website.


Projects need to meet the following requirements to be eligible:

  • The landowner must have received consent before 1 July 2010 to clear the forest for the purposes of converting the land to cropland or grassland in perpetuity.
  • The project owner must provide evidence of the clearing consent issued by the relevant Commonwealth, state or territory government, or local regulatory authority responsible for approval.

Circumstances where this activity cannot be implemented are outlined in a negative list. Details are on the department's website.

Monitoring, reporting and auditing

Projects must be monitored for disturbance in the course of each reporting period.

It is important to keep project records because you will need to submit regular reports on your project, including reporting on your emissions reductions.

Projects must be audited by a registered greenhouse and energy (NGER) auditor. A list of registered auditors is available on the Clean Energy Regulator website.

Development of this method

Emissions Reduction Assurance Committee (ERAC) advice

The ERAC's advice to the Minister regarding the suitability of the Determination to be made is published here, in accordance with Section 106(11) (C) of the Carbon Credits (Carbon Farming Initiative) Act 2011.

Draft determination and explanatory statement

A draft method determination for avoided land clearing was released for public comment from 5 to 19 December 2014.

Note: A draft method determination that is open for public comment should not be relied upon for planning an ERF project. Draft method determinations may be modified following public consultation and are not final until made by the Minister for the Environment.

Submissions received

There were no non-confidential submissions received through the public consultation process for Avoided Deforestation 1.1.

Methods Tools

Mapping Guidelines

Participants need to meet the requirements of the Carbon Farming Initiative Mapping Guidelines for mapping project areas and carbon estimation areas. The most recent public release of the CFI Mapping Guidelines can be found at Spatial mapping guidelines.

Forest Cover Data

Users of this method may be interested in viewing Forest cover data layers available on Forest Tools and Data.


  • Emissions Reduction Fund


  • Climate Change
  • Emissions Reduction Fund